The End of Empire

Dismantle oppression. Deepen democracy. Destroy tyranny.

Posts tagged society

Oct 23

Oct 16
“Where people are in Friendship, Justice is not required”

Aristotle, via "Rights" page of Encyclopedia of Marxism

DISCUSS!


Oct 15

meeniemint:

What does Arsenal mean to you?

phallic symbols
homoerotic tension
heteronormative hegemony
corporate brand worship
dividing the working class against itself
mob rule
patriarchy 
violence
racism
extraction of surplus value
domination of capital over society

…oh yeah
and football

forgot about football 

(via solitarysocialist-deactivated20)


Aug 31

Mystification and Its Symbols

Symbols, Sumptuation, and Mystification

An Overview for College Students

Mystification and Its Symbols (Part 3)

Two related issues are particularly important in studying ancient societies. One is the use of symbols to exalt kings. The other is the monopolization of other people’s labor (or life) as a symbol of one’s power and social position.

Mystification. The use of symbols to exalt kings and to make them seem different from ordinary mortals is a particular case of a more general process that some scholars have called “mystification.” Mystification refers to disguising real power through the use of diversionary cultural symbols that make human social arrangements seem more than human, even cosmologically inevitable.

Two examples are the symbols of kingship among the Nyoro of pre-colonial Uganda and the ancient Egyptians, symbols by which the person of the king is made to seem, if not exactly divine, at least more than human. Among many peoples we also see systems of religious symbols that have the effect of defining certain ritual events as “necessary” because demanded by gods who oversee the welfare of human beings.

Power Over Life. The objects and actions that are used as symbols are many and various. But a recurring theme is the use of scarce goods and other people’s labor. By definition, scarce goods are not available to everybody, and the ability to gain access to them and to use them is therefore a sign of one’s power, making control over scarce goods a more or less natural symbol of power. It is no accident that gold and “precious stones” are used in ritual celebrations of wealth and power around the world, and it is not merely because they are pretty.

The ability to control other people’s labor is also a sign of wealth and power, and it is conveniently symbolized by physical objects that are the fruit of spectacular amounts of human labor either to manufacture (such as fine embroidery, sculptures, or pyramids) or to locate (such as gold or gems) or to transport (such as cedars from Lebanon or marble from Italy). We of course think of the famous temples and palaces of antiquity, but a recent example is the “House of the People” (Casa Poporului) built by the Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaucescu in Bucharest. Specifications for the immense building (which included a throne room for Ceaucescu himself) required that carpets and draperies be hand woven in Romania, that floors be of Romanian marble, and that ceilings be decorated in Romanian gold leaf. Hand weaving and marble and gold leaf clearly were intended to demonstrate the state’s total power over Romanian labor and resources. (Click me.)

Slavery & Human Sacrifice. In archaic societies one symbol of great power over other people is slavery. An even more powerful symbol is the right to take human life at will. In many societies (especially Bronze Age empires) we find these practices institutionalized and associated with government or upper-class mystification. We see human sacrifice as an important part of the mystification of government process among the Aztecs, for example, who practiced it at a scale unknown elsewhere. Part of what makes the modern world “modern” is the gradual reduction in these extreme processes of mystification and sumptuation. (We don’t do human sacrifice any more.) But the mix of politics, social class, and dramatic symbols of legitimacy are still with us.

Both mystification and sumptuation are fundamental symbolic processes sustaining social order in non-foraging societies. Although it is convenient to illustrate them with extreme examples, and although they help us to understand these examples, the two processes lurk behind much of life in most societies throughout recorded history.

By David K. Jordan

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, UCSD


Aug 29

Demanding state wages for household work

"Those who demanded state wages for housework sought two things. First, to make wifely love visible as productive work. Second, to uncover for women the leverage that workers have in their potential to strike. ‘To say that we want money for housework is the first step towards refusing to do it,’ wrote Italian feminist Silvia Federici, ‘because the demand for a wage makes our work visible … both in its immediate aspect as housework and its more insidious character as femininity.’ This was feminism designed not to increase individual compensation, but to reveal and create power while undoing sex roles in all realms of life."

, “The Fairer Sex”, Jacobin magazine


“Feminism is the struggle to end sexist oppression.” , “Fairer Sex”, Jacobian magazine

About all the questioning: “Is this feminist?” and “what is feminism?”
Can be big questions, but can also be just this succinct 

Check out the article 

Aug 28
apparenze:

Rosa Luxemburg, Simone De Beauvoir and Emma Goldman  (1930’s)  

Wait, just checked around, and checked the facts… These ladies don’t seem to fit the ages of these three wonderful women. Damn damn. Who ARE they?

apparenze:

Rosa Luxemburg, Simone De Beauvoir and Emma Goldman  (1930’s)  

Wait, just checked around, and checked the facts… These ladies don’t seem to fit the ages of these three wonderful women. Damn damn. Who ARE they?

(via vlmy-deactivated20130123)


Aug 20

Aug 10
“Each capitalist as an independent master of his enterprise is free to manage it at his will, to produce what he thinks profitable or to close the shop when profits are failing. Contrary to the careful organization within the factory there is a complete lack of organization in the totality of social production. The rapid increase of capital through the accumulated profits, the necessity to find profits also for the new capital, urges a rapid increase of production flooding the market with unsaleable goods. Then comes the collapse, reducing not only the profits and destroying the superfluous capital, but also turning the accumulated hosts of workers out of the factories, throwing them upon their own resources or on meagre charity. Then wages are lowered, strikes are ineffective, the mass of the unemployed presses as a heavy weight upon the working conditions. What has been gained by hard fight in times of prosperity is often lost in times of depression.” Anton Pannekoe

Capitalist crisis in a nutshell 


Page 1 of 5